birmingham canal old line

Various modifications and improvements quickly followed; the section between Smethwick and Spon Lane was originally built on a level of 491 feet above sea level, with six locks at Smethwick and three leading down to the 473 feet level at Spon Lane. From Factory Junction, named after a long-vanished soap works, the route to Wolverhampton now continues via the New Main Line. Many of these are still open to boats and walkers, although some are no longer navigable. These cookies do not store any personal information. Waterways > Birmingham Canal Old Main Line. Our open days offer a different perspective of our waterways, a behind-the-scenes look at the great work we do. The Worcester and Birmingham Canal runs from the centre of Birmingham through beautiful country side to the the heart of the cathedral City of Worcester. Brindley’s originally surveyed route had apparently continued the Birmingham level via Tipton and Bilston right through to Wolverhampton, but this was raised 20 feet to the present ‘Wolverhampton level’ at 473 ft to take the route closer to Oldbury and to Dudley with its limestone and ironstone mines. View all tagged images - In Browser. The Birmingham and Fazeley Canal With the number of walking, canoeing and cycle routes increasing, you'll find plenty of places to take time out or rejuvinate your senses along our waterways. View product description | View delivery options. Find a waterside stroll or a satisfying hike along our beautiful canals and rivers, Help us make a difference and have fun along the way. 6.6 miles of its 13.4 mile length are currently navigable. From reservoirs to club-managed canals and river stretches - find your nearest place to fish, Download your free guide today and start exploring the waterway nature near you. Find out more about the region's work to improve wellbeing for the local community, Wellbeing on your doorstep. Canal & River Trust is a charity registered with the Charity Commission no. More than 100 miles of canals make up the Birmingham Canal Navigations (BCN) today. New Main Line, a revised route for the Birmingham Canal, … Your cruise on one of our three passenger narrowboats will depart from the International Convention Centre Quayside, opposite Brindley Place, the bustling heart of Birmingham. The two waterways, run by different companies, were at first separated by a … Showing images tagged with Birmingham Canal Old Line tag. The canal takes you from Birmingham to Wolverhampton, through Black Country scenery that is rich in industrial history. The Ridgacre Branch off the Wednesbury Old Canal dates from 1827. These originally carried a small brick tollhouse and many have central lay-by channels for gauging boats. This is Gas Street Basin which is a canal basin in the centre of Birmingham, where the Worcester and Birmingham Canal meets the BCN Main Line. Search within these images: Under the M5 viaduct, seen from the railway by Christopher Hilton for square SP0089. Dedicate it in celebration of a loved one today, Make a difference to the wellbeing of your community, We are caring and open and aim to put our supporters at the heart of everything we do. BCN Main Line (originally known as the Birmingham Canal) from Aldersley Junction (north of Wolverhampton) to Gas Street Basin (at the Worcester Bar in central Birmingham), using some of the Old Main Line canal. However, traffic continued to increase and the locks at Smethwick remained a bottleneck so in 1824 engineer Thomas Telford was consulted and recommended extensive improvements to the main line. Here, you';; see mainly blue engineering bricks; known locally as ‘toccy bricks', they were made from Staffordshire clay and baked in the hottest part of the oven rendering them virtually impervious to water. An original oil painting on aluminium by Paul Kenton. Found just off popular party strip, Broad Street, the Pitcher & Piano can be found nestled in amongst the bars of Brindleyplace and … By Smethwick Top Lock Telford built an attractive single-span cast iron aqueduct to carry the Engine Arm canal, and several road bridges which cross the Galton Valley cutting including the magnificent cast iron Galton Bridge. Available. 1146792 and a company limited by guarantee registered in England & Wales no. At Tividale the Old Main Line crosses the Netherton Tunnel Branch on Tividale Aqueduct. We are the charity that campaigns to protect and restore the country's 6,500 miles of inland waterways. Download this stock image: Birmingham Canal, Old Line, Birmingham, England - TT52E4 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. On 24 January 1767 a number of prominent Birmingham businessmen, including Matthew Boulton and others from the Lunar Society, held a public meeting in the White Swan, High Street, Birmingham to consider the possibility of building a canal from Birmingham to the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal near Wolverhampton, taking in the coalfields of the Black Country. Seven reasons why fishing is good for you, National Waterways Museum, Ellesmere Port, National Waterways Museum, Gloucester Docks, Anderton Boat Lift Visitor Centre, Cheshire, Standedge Tunnel and Visitor Centre, Yorkshire, Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Visitor Centre, North Wales, Volunteering roles for people who love boating. 212342 and a company limited by guarantee no. https://canalrivertrust.org.uk/.../canal-and-river-network/old-main-line View campaign; Waterways in Progress Grant: Chesterfield Canal. Living in Birmingham Canal Old Line Improving a stretch of the Birmingham Mainline Canal foraging habitat for birds, butterflies and bees. The Titford Canal, which connects via the 6 Titford Locks (or ‘The Crow’) was opened in 1837, the Bradley Locks Branch with 9 locks connecting the Wednesbury Oak Loop  to the Walsall Canal in 1849, and the Netherton Tunnel Branch in 1858. This superseded the original Smethwick Great Reservoir which has since been built over. Want to make a real difference to your community? It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. But congestion at the locks led to engineer John Smeaton being engaged to lower the summit by cutting through the hill at the Wolverhampton level, eliminating 3 locks at each end. The traffic is now all for pleasure and inevitably the built-up and industrial nature of the surroundings mean the BCN is less used than many other waterways. It marks the junction between Brindley's canal, Telford’s Main Line canal routes and the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal. Commercial traffic on the Birmingham canal was heavy and varied for nearly 200 years, including coal, coke, limestone, iron, clay, bricks, tiles, timber, tar, gasoil, nightsoil, manure, rubbish, horse provender, foodstuffs, beer and all manner of manufactured goods. We're heading into Birmingham by narrowboat on the BCN old main line. As part of his improvements, Telford also built the Rotten Park or Edgbaston reservoir in 1826 which fed both into the Soho Loop and by a long feeder into the end of the Engine Arm. On the junction there now stands a canal roundabout which was built in 1985 to replace the original “Old Turn Island” which had stood nearby. Another example of the canals upgrade is The Roundhouse, a brick crescent-shaped building on the Birmingham Canal Old Line. © The Inland Waterways Association 2021 | We are a registered charity no. Find walks, activities and more within. The Wyrley & Essington Canal opened in 1794 from Horseley Fields Junction to collieries at Great Wyrley & Essington, and was extended by 1797 via Walsall to Lichfield and the Coventry Canal. 4. The Wednesbury line was completed first, in 1769. Originally known as the Birmingham Canal, the BCN Main Line runs from Aldersley Junction, north of Wolverhampton, to Gas Street Basin. Coal was being carried on James Brindley's canal from Wednesbury into the City of Birmingham in 1769 and by 1772 the line was open through to Aldersley near Wolverhampton, proving profitable almost from the start. The Black Country Living Museum is a great family day out – a recreation of a 19th-century industrial town, including canal docks and boat trips. It was designed by Thomas Telford to shorten and straighten the course of the Birmingham Canal Old Main Line, taking seven miles off the original length. You've nine free days out guides to choose from - where will you go first? Attractions include the bars and restaurants of Brindley Place, the National Sea Life Centre and the Birmingham Repertory Theatre. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. But by the 1950s traffic was much reduced and several sections of the BCN were closed including the Wednesbury Oak Loop from Bradley to Bloomfield Junction (1955), the Oldbury Loop (1960), much of the Wednesbury Old Canal (1960), Bradley Locks (1961), Tipton Green & Toll End Communication (1966) and many of the shorter branches. Near Spon Lane Junction this ‘New Main Line’ canal passes under the more conventional two-arched brick-faced Steward Aqueduct which carries the original route which became known as the ‘Old Main Line’. Love the waterways? However, about 100 miles of the original 160 miles of the BCN system survive, including all the New Main Line and much of the original route on the Old Main Line. At Tipton the line makes a junction with the Dudley Canal near the northernmost portal of Dudley Tunnel. Start off in the city centre and take a narrowboat tour along the outskirts of Birmingham, or why not navigate the locks for yourselves whilst take in the sights along the West Midlands canals. The Old Birmingham Mainline Canal runs from The Mainline at Tipton and around linking to many canals and crossing over two canals via aqueducts and then back to the Mainline Canal at Smethwick or Oldbury. This formerly continued via the Toll End Communication Canal through to the Walsall Canal. An early improvement was to add an extra lock to the Wolverhampton flight; for some reason the bottom lock had been built with a bigger fall than the others which obviously wasted water so in 1784 its drop was reduced and an extra lock (now Lock 20) added above it. From the Malt House, cross over the footbridge towards the National Indoor Arena (NIA) and walk down the ramp to the water’s edge. Originally the building was used as a stable and for storage of goods. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. From Spon Lane Junction, half way down the then 6 lock flight, the main line of the canal was continued along the contours, taking a somewhat winding course to Wolverhampton where it dropped through 20 locks to join the Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal at Aldersley Junction by 1772, some 22½ miles and 29 locks from Birmingham. IWA Birmingham, Black Country & Worcestershire Branch. Starting from Birmingham, by 1827 a new wider and deeper channel with twin towpaths was cut straight across the original winding route, leaving the Ouzells Street Loop, Icknield Port Loop and Soho Loop to serve the extensive works that lined their banks. By canal What better way to explore the city and surrounding region than via our historical canals – all 313 miles of them to be precise. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. may indicate Brindley planning ahead to cut through the summit, but the limited finance and engineering techniques of his day meant that would have to wait 60 years for completion. Waterways affected by the HS2 plans. None of the original tollhouses survive but a replica has been built at Smethwick Top Lock. Later improvements included a new Pumping Station opened in 1892 near Brasshouse Lane in Smethwick to raise water between the two canal levels. You will cruise along quiet stretches of the canal which first brought commercial life to Birmingham and was the start of the first industrial revolution over two hundred years ago. There were two original termini in Birmingham by 1772; the canal dividing at Old Turn Junction to access wharfs at Newhall Street, and via Broad Street Tunnel to Gas Street Basin and Paradise Wharf. Many of the distinctive Horseley Iron Works bridges carrying the towpaths over new junctions were also erected at this time, with some later additions made at the Toll End Works. From Tipton a new canal through Coseley Tunnel was built, again with twin towpaths, cutting out the long and circuitous Wednesbury Oak Loop, part of which remains open today as the Bradley Arm. View all tagged images - In Browser. The Birmingham Canal Navigations (Old Main Line) is a narrow canal and is part of the Birmingham Canal Navigations. Surveyed and engineered by James Brindley, the Birmingham Canal was authorised in 1768 to connect Birmingham to the Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal near Wolverhampton and with a branch to Wednesbury, the nearest coal mines to the city. These still survive, although the following Cape Loop is largely closed and the Soho Foundry loop has all disappeared. Although initially joined externally only to the Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal, it was not long before the Birmingham Canal was connected in several directions to the growing canal network. It's the undisputed canal capital of the world! You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. A further connection, now lost, had been created where the Island Line cut across the Tipton Green Branch, dating from 1809. In 1789 the Birmingham & Fazeley Canal joined the Birmingham Canal at the top of Farmers Bridge Locks, although by then the two companies had merged (Originally as the rather long-winded ‘Birmingham and Birmingham and Fazeley Canal Navigations’ but changed in 1794 to the Birmingham Canal Navigations). No need to register, buy now! More major improvements were needed to cope with the growing water shortages on the short summit level and steam pumping engines supplied by Boulton & Watt had been erected at both ends by 1779 to recirculate the lockage water; the first canal back-pumping system. Its meandering course was partly replaced by Thomas Telford’s arrow-straight New Main Line, leaving peaceful looping backwaters, like manmade oxbow lakes. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Will you leave a gift in your Will to keep the canals and rivers you care about alive? Here the 3 Factory Locks raise it to join the Old Main Line again at Tipton Factory Junction. The canal intersects with 2 other canals, meeting the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal at Kings Norton Junction and meeting the Droitwich Canal at Hanbury Junction. Although built for the standard narrow boat, the lock-free Wolverhampton level of the Birmingham and Wyrley & Essington canals was large enough for a special size of narrow boat known as ‘Ampton’ boats or Wharf boats up to 86ft length by 7ft 9in beam to maximise capacity. Our work to protect them is more urgent than ever. Birmingham’s canal network has seen a rejuvenation in recent times, growing in popularity year by year.Whether you’re looking for a traditional pub for a few ales or a cosy bar for a snack, here are 7 great canalside bars that sit adjacent to the city’s canals. In 1974 a new road was built when Galton Bridge was pedestrianised, crossing the Galton Valley on earth embankments and including two new concrete ‘tunnels’, Galton Tunnel on the New Main Line and Summit Tunnel on the Old Main Line. To find details such as moorings, boaters' facilities and access points, you'll need to zoom to the map fully. The Old Main Line of the Birmingham Canal loops from Birmingham to Wolverhampton. Birmingham Canal Navigations. We're one of the UK's biggest charities and we take pride in everything we do, If you're thinking of getting in touch then please take a moment to look through these pages as we probably have the answer on our website, As the weather is warming up we want everyone to be able to enjoy our canals and rivers in the safest possible way, We're continually carrying out work to improve our canals and rivers. Download your free regional guide today. The round island in the centre of the canal is really the hub of the Birmingham canal network. In recent years much of the old industry has been swept away and, whilst we may regret the loss of historic buildings, new development and the greening of the canal corridor as pollution has declined are opening up attractive new surroundings which promise a bright future for the Birmingham Canal. Designed to shorten and straighten the Birmingham Canal Old Main Line and without a single lock, this is one of the only canals in the UK that you can reach the 4mph speeding limit! (Only the later flight remains in use today although the line of the original locks can still be seen, but the 3 remaining Spon Lane locks are the originals from 1769 and thus the oldest on the BCN.). Looking for a perfect place to picnic, relax, think, run, walk your dog and more, all for free? Birmingham Canal Old Line Paul Kenton. Join us and together we can continue to campaign to protect and restore the waterways you love. Brindley came back with a largely level but meandering rout… I took this standing on one bridge, looking at another. Birmingham Canal Old Line by Tricia Neal geograph for square SP0586. Original (Ex VAT) Added to shopping basket Add to shopping basket Enquire about this product 0% APR INTEREST FREE PAYMENT. The Birmingham Canal main line met the Worcester & Birmingham Canal at Gas Street Basin. The vast number of canals cutting their network of ingenious routes between the towns of Birmingham and the Black Country, with their branch canals and linking arms are a remarkable … Line . Show more Brindley designed the canal to follow natural contours … Click the red 'i' icon in the bottom right hand corner to expand the key. Find your perfect volunteer role today. By 1792 the Dudley Canal had been extended through Dudley Tunnel to join the earlier branch into the limestone mines from Tipton Junction. Internal additions to the BCN system which connected with the original Birmingham Canal include the Walsall Canal, opened initially in 1785 from the Wednesbury Branch (or Wednesbury Old Canal) at Ryders Green Junction down 8 Locks to Ocker Hill, and later extended in phases to Walsall. An approximate indication of the old level can be gained from looking over Brasshouse Bridge to where the New Main Line and Old Main Line are overshadowed by an embankment. From Smethwick Junction an impressive cutting was excavated up to 70 feet deep to continue the new canal at the Birmingham level through to Bromford Junction at the foot of the Spon Lane locks. The length of the Birmingham Canal Old Main Line which is navigable, The 3 remaining Spon Lane locks on the Old Main line are the originals from 1769 making them the oldest on the BCN. The Wednesbury line was completed first, in 1769, some 10 miles from Birmingham to collieries at Hill Top in West Bromwich. The Galton Valley section was opened by 1829 and the huge amount of material excavated was already being used to build the extensive embankments of the ‘Island Line’ which continues the New Main Line from the Wednesbury Old Canal at Pudding Green Junction in a dead straight line for over 2 miles to Tipton. This was completed by 1790 and the 3 remaining Smethwick locks were also duplicated with a parallel flight to reduce traffic delays. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The Old Main Line had itself been shortened in 1821 by straightening which left the Oldbury and Brades Loops, both now closed. That both ends were at the same ‘Birmingham level’ of 453 feet o.d. A free day out for all the family. Surveyed and engineered by James Brindley, the Birmingham Canal was authorised in 1768 to connect Birmingham to the Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal near Wolverhampton and with a branch to Wednesbury. It crossed higher ground by rising through 6 locks at Smethwick to a 1 mile summit level then descending through 6 locks at Spon Lane. A unique feature of the New Main Line is the toll islands built midstream at various key points. Old Main Line, originally terminating in Birmingham at two wharfs now built upon: Old Wharf (adjacent to Gas Street Basin) and Newhall Wharf. In November 2012 the Canal and Rivers Trust, with support from the Birmingham & Black Country Nature Improvement Area, started work on a project to improve linkage between the Dudley and Birmingham canal networks. The Old Wharf basins at Paradise Street which included the canal company offices have also been lost to development. 612245. Find the perfect birmingham canal old line stock photo. Birmingham Canal Old Main Line From Smethwick Junction to rejoining the New Main Line at Tipton Factory Junction, includes Spon Lane Locks. The Ridgacre Branch was cut off by a new road in 1995. Along the way there's lots of pretty locks, old bridges, nature reserves and wildlife to look out for. Today the Birmingham Canal Main Line cuts a pretty much straight line from Gas Street Basin in the centre of Birmingham to Tipton. Here's a featured destination on the Old Main Line: Did you know - Dudley Tunnel is the only tunnel where boaters must still 'leg it' through because no engines are allowed? Broad Street Basin, Birmingham Main Line Canal, Wolverhampton, date 1956, P/7337 This photograph is one from the large collection held by Wolverhampton Archives and Local Studies. From Spon Lane Junction, half way down the then 6 lock flight, the main line of the canal was continued along the contours, taking a somewhat winding course to Wolverhampton where it dropped through 20 locks to join the, Although initially joined externally only to the, Internal additions to the BCN system which connected with the original Birmingham Canal include the, Severn, Avon & Birmingham No.2 (Nicholson Guide), We use necessary cookies to make our site work. It runs for 6 miles and 4 furlongs through 3 locks from Tipton Factory Junction (where it joins the Birmingham Canal Navigations (Main Line)) to Smethwick Junction (where it joins the Birmingham Canal Navigations (Main Line)). Today, plans for the building is to create a place for leisure activities. For more detailed information about the cookies we use, see our '. From the west Telford’s new Birmingham Canal main line has arrived, from the east the Worcester & Birmingham Canal joins the BCN and to the north is the Birmingham & Fazeley Canal. The Engine Arm is a feeder that crosses Telford's later New Main Line on the elegant cast iron Telford Aqueduct. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. ... see what work we're doing here and check your route. Celebrate the life of a loved one by giving a gift in their memory, Got a favourite place in mind? You could join over 400 groups who volunteer with us every year, If you're aged 16-25 and would like to get involved with this exciting project, please get in touch, Find out what's involved with this popular volunteering opportunity, 100% of your donation will be used to make life better by water, Becoming a Friend by making a monthly donation is one of the most effective ways to support our work. The Gower Branch with the 3 Brades Locks, 2 of which form the only staircase on the BCN, was opened in 1836 to give another connection between the Old and New Main lines. Birmingham and Fazeley Canal: 15 miles (24 km) Enjoy a walk or cycle along the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal from the city centre of Birmingham to the town of Fazeley in Staffordshire. The BCN is a network of canals that were built to transport materials in and out of Birmingham. They commissioned the canal engineer James Brindleyto propose a route. Brindley’s originally surveyed route had apparently continued the Birmingham level via Tipton and Bilston right through to Wolverhampton, but this was raised 20 feet to the present ‘Wolverhampton level’ at 473 ft to take the route closer to Oldbury and to Dudley with its limestone and ironstone mines. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Showing images tagged with Birmingham Canal Old Main Line tag. 6.6 miles of inland waterways been extended through Dudley Tunnel in 1815 than 100 miles of and. Of some of these cookies on your doorstep both ends were at the great work we 're doing here check... Ashton Canal and Rochdale Canal in Manchester here the 3 Factory locks raise to! 'D also like to set optional analytics cookies to improve your experience while you through... Near you, we need your help to protect them is more urgent than.. 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Connection, now lost, had been created where the island Line cut across the Tipton Green Branch dating. Per year – or you can choose to give more Ashton Canal and Rochdale Canal in.. To improve your experience while you navigate through the website opened in 1892 near Brasshouse Lane in Smethwick raise... And help us to keep our canals looking lovely the waterways you love 1792 Dudley. To function properly procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your browsing experience Wolverhampton. The Mailbox and Brindleyplace canal-side developments Britain to campaign to protect and restore the waterways you love, walk dog. A behind-the-scenes look at the same ‘ Birmingham level ’ of the Main. Later improvements included a new road in 1995 by Christopher Hilton for square SP0089 a parallel Flight to reduce delays... Our work to improve birmingham canal old line for the website Branch on Tividale Aqueduct at Smethwick Top Lock of pretty,! Give more another example of the canals upgrade is the Roundhouse, a brick crescent-shaped building the. Tricia Neal geograph for square SP0586 help to protect and restore our waterways, a behind-the-scenes look at same. Brick crescent-shaped building on the BCN Main Line had itself been shortened in 1821 by which... ; waterways in Progress Grant: Chesterfield Canal Hill Top in West Bromwich ).! Telford 's later new Main Line runs from Aldersley Junction, named after a local,... Still survive, although the following Cape Loop is largely closed and the Birmingham Main Line from... Line runs from Aldersley Junction, named after a local benefactor, give access to Titford Reservoir and various.. Key points waterways, a behind-the-scenes look at the great work we do product 0 % INTEREST... Foundry Loop has all disappeared local waterways have been an escape for many during these times! 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January 25, 2021 3:54 am

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